The Boxer is a working and companion dog breed, part of the Molosser group. It is a medium-sized dog which was used as a guardian for many years. It is the result of the cross between the now extinct Bullenbeisser and the Old English Bulldog. It is a vigorous dog, with a stable mental health; and it can adapt to a familiar lifestyle easily while being the guardian of the house.
The Bullenbeisser is considered to be its direct ancestor. In those days, the Bullenbeisser was usually bred by hunters, because they were the ones who used them for hunting. Its duty was to catch and hold the prey, which had been previously corralled by other dogs, and wait for the hunter. It was necessary for the dog to have a broad snout and a proper denture which allowed it to have a strong bite to hold the prey.
The Boxer was first presented as a breed in 1895 in Munich by the Munich Boxer Clun. Philip Stockmann and his wife, Miriam, are considered to be the “parents” of this breed thanks to their breeding center called Von Dom. Warlike events in those days caused a great reduction of the number of this breed’s specimens, but they tried to maintain it stable.
In a survey done in 2012-2013 by the FCI, it ended up being in the 9° place between the 30 most popular breeds of the member countries. However, also in 2012, it took the 7° place in the American Kennel Club’s list.
The Boxer is a medium-sized dog with a straight coat; strong; with a square shaped and short structure, and good bone. It has a prominent, developed, and dry musculature. Its movements are lively and strong. It has a heavy head and a powerful jaw, with a great pressure, generally of 122 kg/cm². The snout is small and it has a black mask covering it.
In the past, it was common for it to have its ears cropped and its tail docked, but this habit is banned and no longer used by any breeders or owners.
It has a strong, round and muscular neck, like its back legs. The broad chest gives it an important presence. They tend to have a very short, soft and glossy coat. It can be fawn, brindle or black. There are also specimens with some markings on their coats; we can also get surprised by White Boxers, even though they exist, but these are not recognized by the FCI.
Males have a height to the withers between 57 and 63 cm. For females, this height must be between 53 and 59 cm. The average weight for adult males is around 30kg, while for females is around 25kg.
The Boxer is a good firehouse dog because of its great sense of smell and courage. Because of its guardian, loyal and active temperament, it has many skills. It is a docile, loyal dog and would never hurt its family. In some cases, if it noticed an aggressive behavior which could affect its pack it turns a little over protective. It is pleasing with its owners and very patient with children. It is a territorial and dominant dog, which will make us easily notice the presence of strangers.
It is a very curious dog and creates a close bond with its owners; it will never leave their side and will try not to make them angry. It is necessary to socialize it properly since it is a puppy so it gets to have a perfect coexistence with humans and other dogs. It may play a little rough, but not on purpose.
The Boxer is an excellent therapy dog because it gives real benefits, such as empathy, the relationship with the environment, lack of inhibition, spontaneity, physical contact or a slight recovery from stress.
Boxers need a good dose of daily exercise and to go for two or three walks in a day also. It finds it enjoyable to run after objects which do any kind of noise; it has a good time while developing its musculature. It is important for it to have a balanced diet, to avoid overweight or anorexia.
It is essential for this animal to be happy to stimulate it mentally and physically; it will also respond in a good way to the many attentions given to it.
A properly socialized Boxer tends to get on well with other dogs and loves investigating smells from plants and other objects. It can live both in an apartment and a house, as long as it is taken out daily and has done its daily exercise.
It is important for a Boxer to pay attention to their nails and to clean its eye boogers and slobber. Boxers must be bath once a month, regularly, and it is important to keep in mind no to distemper or remove its natural skin protection while bathing a puppy.
The Boxer’s life expectancy is approximately of 8-9 years.
Leading health issues to which Boxers are prone include cancers, heart conditions such as aortic stenosis and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (the so-called “Boxer Cardiomyopathy”), hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia, and degenerative myelopathy and epilepsy; other conditions that may be seen are gastric dilatation volvulus (also known as bloat), intestinal problems, and allergies (although these may be more related to diet than to the breed).
Entropion, a malformation of the eyelid requiring surgical correction, is occasionally seen, and some lines have a tendency toward spondylosis deforming, a fusing of the spine, or dystocia.
They may also have sensitive skin and suffer a type of cutaneous disease; allergic dermatitis is the most common. Almost all boxers endure dermatitis once in their life, and this problem is solved by applying a cream to it skin for two or three days.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/144g02-en.pdf