Bull Terriers are generally friendly, affectionate dogs which enjoy being in company. It is a dog with a vigorous, muscular, and proportioned structure; very active and with a lively, determined and intelligent expression. A particular characteristic of this breed is that its head does not have a stop and is egg-shaped; and so like its little eyes are triangular. They need time to run and to do some exercise.
The Bull Terrier’s origins are related with James Hinks, who presented this breed in 1850. Hinks spent many years crossing the extinct English White Terrier with Bull and Terrier dogs to create a dog able to fight and with a beautiful appearance. As time went by and possibly by the crossing with the Burgos Pointer, he got a beautiful and imposing fighter. The Bull Terrier’s fighting spirit until death helped it to become the champion of all fighting rings, even defeating dogs of bigger size.
In 1860, the bull and terrier divided into two groups, the Pure White Bull terrier and the color varieties which were involved in dog fights (although these were not bred with this objective; they were companion dogs instead) until they were recognized as an official dog breed.
In 1938, the Miniature Bull Terrier Club was founded. The Standard is the same one as the Bull Terrier but with height limitations.
It is a dog with a vigorous, muscular, and proportioned structure; very active and with a lively, determined and intelligent expression. It is full of joy and has funny and affectionate personality.
One of its typical characteristics is its oval-shaped head, which sideways curves gently downwards from the top of the skull to the tip of the nose. The top of the skull is almost flat; when viewed from the front, its head is described as ‘egg-shaped’. Its eyes are triangular. There are no weight or height limitations, but the specimen must have a defined, solid impression regarding its distinctive features and gender, and they can weigh up to 35kg. There is a miniature variety which does penalize the exceeding of height. Without paying attention to their size, male should have a masculine appearance and females a feminine appearance.
Recognized colors are white (markings are allowed only on the head, in the other parts of the body it is penalized in dog exhibitions), black brindle, red, fawn and tricolor. Pigmentation markings on the skin are not taken into account, as long as they do not involve hair. Blue and silver colors are highly undesirable.
The Bull Terrier has a great personality; it is also tough and stubborn, because of its terrier gene. It does not tend to be very affectionate with strangers, but that does not mean it is indifferent or aggressive. As well as it is not as fierce as it used to be, you have to be cautious while this dog is around another dog; but if it is properly socialized since puppy it should not have any coexistence problems.
Its physical strength is proportional to its intelligent, and so both its body and mind must stay healthy and active. They need time to run and to do exercise. These are not the best dogs for inexperienced owners because they need a lot of training. These dogs enjoy company, so it is not a good idea to leave them alone for much time, because it could cause a lot of damage at home with its powerful jaw, along with the stress and depression. It is an excellent companion dog.
The high testosterone levels in male specimens do not cause any health problem, but maybe a coexisting problem, because they increase the dog’s territoriality. If they are not used for breeding, it is recommended to neuter males. And the same goes for females which are not going to reproduce.
The coat is easy to maintain, which is why a frequent brushing can keep it in perfect conditions. It is also good to add oil to its diet.
They need to do a lot of exercise, but not exceeding it while it is still young because it may cause muscular problems and be limiting their height. This breed is also known for being gluttonous, which is why it has to have a balance between its diet and exercise. They are excellent guardian dogs and have a good sense of hearing.
As exercise is fundamental for this breed, Bull Terriers need to do a lot more exercise than other breeds to vent all their energy. Despite these are dogs which learn easily, they are more difficult to train than other breeds because they get distracted as easily as they learn. Traditional training is very complicated with these dogs and does not have good results. However, different styles of canine training have better results.
Their median lifespan is of 10 years and their mean of 9 years.
All puppies should be checked for deafness, which occurs in 20.4% of pure white Bull Terriers and 1.3% of colored Bull Terriers and is difficult to notice, especially in a relatively young puppy. Many Bull Terriers have a tendency to develop skin allergies.
Insect bites, such as those from fleas, and sometimes mosquitoes and mites, can produce a generalized allergic response of hives, rash, and itching. This problem can be stopped by keeping the dog free of contact from these insects, but this is definitely a consideration in climates or circumstances where exposure to these insects is inevitable.
It can also suffer a compulsive behavior, like following its tail until causing mutilation.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/011g03-en.pdf