The French bulldog is a small size breed, but very robust, with protruding eyes and bat ears. It is really noisy, but not for its bark. Due to its flat face and to the reduced size of its nasal cavities, it is not a suitable dog for light-sleeping owners. The loud of its snore is very high in comparison to its size.
In the second half of the XIX century, during the Industrial Revolution, many English laborers migrated to France. A big deal of those laborers came from the English city of Nottingham, where Bulldogs were much appreciated and were taken to France by their owners. Some of those Bulldogs were of a reduced size and had erected ears, a condition that was not well received in England. However, in France, the little Bulldogs of erected ears caused a fantastic and also huge impact, especially among women. For that reason, many pet merchants began to import more and more quantities of those little Bulldogs which were getting known as boule dogue Françoise or French Bulldog.
In the final stages of the XIX Century, the French breeders had achieved to breed in a consistent way those little dogs with “bat ears” and some French bulldogs were acquired by very rich families.
In that moment, this breed started to get a greater prominence in the French dog-fancying and had a larger dissemination abroad.
The favoritism of the privileged classes for these dogs helped to catapult to fame this breed, which was later exported to America, where it reached a big popularity.
Presently, the Bulldog is well known all around the world as a good pet and partner. You can also find it in many worldwide dog exhibitions, and some of them perform a role of a therapy dog.
Height bitch: 25~34 cm / Height male: 25~34 cm
Weight bitch: 8~14 kg / Weight male: 11~15 kg
The weight of these dogs must not be lower than 8 kilograms or higher than 14 kilograms, both for male and female. The size is not specified in the breed standard’s rate, but it has to be proportional to the weight. Obviously, they are small dogs. Even though it is small and plump, this bulldog is a robust dog and with solid bones. It is a typical small molosser.
The top body line of this dog rises to the shoulders level and then abruptly goes down until the tail. The back is width and muscular, the spine is width and short, and the rump is oblique. The French bulldog’s chest is cylindrical and deep, with a large forechest. The flanks are tucked up at the belly, but they do not get to acquire a whippy appearance.
The French bulldog has a width and squared face, with a skin full of wrinkles and creases on it. Their face is flat and the stop is very noticeable. The snout’s width rate is big; really short and lifted. The round big dark eyes, slightly bulging, have an active expression. The ears are medium size, width on the bottom and rounded at the top. They are erect and set high.
This dog’s tail is short by birth and of a low set. Width in its bottom, its central body part can be naturally knotted or bent to end up on a tail. Even when the dog is active, it has its tail under the horizontal point of rump.
This bulldog’s fur is really beautiful and eye-catching. It is short, shiny and smooth. According to the FCI, the fur may be dun-colored or striped dun-colored, spotted with white patches.
The French bulldog and the companion dog’s temperament fit perfectly. These dogs are friendly, playful, sociable and sweet. It can be said that these are perfect lapdogs. These bulldogs tend to easily socialize either with people, dogs, or other animals. They usually get on well with children, but they may be very cuddling or company demanding for young children. Despite that, it is important to socialize these dogs since they are little to prevent them from becoming shy when they grow up.
This breed does not tend to be problematic, but its huge need of having a companion may easily develop anxiety for the lack of it. That means that the French bulldog can turn into a destructive dog if it stays alone for a long period of time. This is not the kind of dog you leave alone in the room or garden.
On the other hand, these dogs can be excellent pets for most people. Because of its friendly and sociable personality, they become excellent pets for families with not so little children or lonely people. However, it is important to consider that they demand a lot of attention and they are very playful, so they are not adequate for people who spend most of their time out. They are also good dogs for novice owners, as long as they are conscious of the time they have to dedicate to their pets.
The coat maintenance is easier and simpler than in other companion dog breeds because their short fur does not demand intensive care. It is usually enough to brush it once a week to remove the loose hair and to wash them occasionally, just when the dog is dirty or once a month. However, it is necessary to clean the face wrinkles to avoid dirt accumulating in the area. For this process, it is enough to clean softly with a damp cloth and then dry softly too.
Exercise needs are low for the French bulldog. Although it is a playful dog, it gets tired really quickly and most of the exercise needed can be done at home. Anyway, it is still recommended to take him to moderated walks daily to encourage its mind and to socialize, and offer it some non-intense playing time. Due to its flat snout, the French bulldog does not tolerate warm weathers and it is extremely sensitive to anesthesia. Neither is good to offer or force it to realize intense exercise, because it may easily suffer a thermal collision.
Due to its adaptability, serenity and as it does not bark much, it is an ideal breed for an apartment’s or flat’s life. They adapt easily to houses and cold weather because this breed is extremely sensitive to high temperatures. It is recommended to avoid exposing it to intense hot and to be careful with overweight, which may cause him respiratory problems. It adapts easily to indoors life and it does not need to do much exercise, although as every dog needs to be taken our daily.
Both the day and night snore sounds are one of the main characteristics of this breed, but if it is exaggerated or it clearly looks like the dog may have respiratory problems, it indicates that this could carry some serious health problems.
The most frequent problems are related to size disproportions or weight excess, and they can be as serious as respiratory difficulties, cardiac complications, and spinal problems. These problems are not easily prevented due to the meticulous selection of this breed and although puppies seem to be healthy it may not be possible to prevent a potential future pathology.
This breed is predisposed to have different kinds of cancer, congenital malformations, and skin allergies.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: https://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/101g09-en.pdf