The Cane Corso, also known as Italian Mastiff, is a Molosser type dog breed which originated in Italy and it is valued as a hunting, guardian and companion dog.
Cane Corsos tend to be balanced and self-confident. They are usually quiet and calm dogs, but alert when they sense the presence of strangers. Actually, they have been mainly used in its home country, Italy, as guardians and protectors. Originally, it was used for wild boar hunting.
It is important to keep in mind that the Cane Corso comes from the southern Italy, where it survived and was later discovered and rescued. Actually, this is an unknown name by the contemporary cynological lexical.
The most ancient documents found (which name the Cane Corso) date back to the year 1500, and include poems and texts about different topics.
As time went by, this breed did not suffer many changes, maybe because it was fine that way: with functional (guard, hunt) and morphological (agile, rustic, robust and light at the same time to be able to catch its prey, to run wide stretches, or to protect the farm while herding) characteristics which were the main historical reasons for their appearance in different communities. It was a big dog, but not giant, which is why its maintenance was not arduous.
It is frightening with its enemies and mistrustful with strangers, but also sweet and extremely loyal to its owner, family and children. The Cane Corso had only one problem: it was not an aristocratic dog; it belonged to herders or pheasants which asked their partner just to help them with her job; its beauty or good temperament did not matter much. A real working dog.
The Cane Corso is a descendant of the canis pugnax, dogs used by the Romans in warfare, and it shares its resistance and fighting spirit to complete its tasks firmly and with a great strength. Thanks to being socialized, it has learned to be reactive just with its rivals, and that way becoming an excellent interpreter of the human body-language.
Molossers originated in Epirus, a northwestern area of Greece. Epirus achieved fame during the reign of Pyrrhus of Epirus, who gave an important boost to its fame during the III century and in the first stages of the IV century AD.
Height bitch: 58~66 cm / Height male: 62~70 cm
Weight bitch: 40~45 kg / Weight male: 45~50 kg
The Cane Corso is a robust, muscular, and strong dog, with powerful legs. It has a flat, broad and square-shaped head with a noticeable stop. The ears are trailing, triangular, and broad on their base. It is common to crop them equilateral triangle-shaped in countries where it is still allowed. The high-set tail is traditionally docked fairly long, at the 4th vertebra. It has a short and hard coat which may be black, gray, brindle, tawny, or fawn colored.
In males, the height to the withers must be between 64 and 68 cm, and between 60 and 64 in females. Males generally weigh between 45 and 50 kg, while females often weigh between 40 and 50 kg.
The Cane Corso is brave, fearless, tough, proud and balanced. It is docile, affectionate, loyal and protective of its owners and children. It is alert in any rare situation; it is very mistrustful with strangers. It is very intelligent and self-confident.
If it is properly trained, it learns easily.
The Cane Corso is an energetic dog which needs a wide space to move without trouble; it would be ideal for it that its owner had a big garden. Anyway, it is still recommended for its owner to take it out for long walks for it to stay mentally and physically healthy.
It is necessary for the Corso to be a good partner to have a determined and firm owner. It must be trained since it is a puppy and learn what it is wrong and what it is right.
Because of its big size, the Cane Corso may be affected by hip or elbow dysplasia. It may also have entropion or ectropion problems and even vaginal hyperplasia on females. The average life expectancy is 10 to 11 years.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/343g02-en.pdf