It is the smallest Poodle’s variety. It heights less than 28cm to the withers rate and weigh 3kg or less. There also exist the Miniature Poodle, the Medium and the Standard one. It is a dog which stands out because of its curly fur, the favorite one for dog groomers. It shows an intelligent, elegant and high-class image.
For many centuries, the Poodle and the Barbet were the same breeds. Originally, this dog was used for water birds hunting. During the XVI century, they started to be differentiated. Some specimens crossed with the Spaniels to get a softer hair texture and that is how Poodles were born, which then became the kings and princes favorite pets.
The Poodle became really popular as a companion dog not only because of its kind, loyal and youthful personality but also for its four different shapes and colors, which everyone could choose according to their preferences.
Height bitch: 24~26 cm / Height male: 24~28 cm
Weight bitch: 2.5~4.5 kg / Weight male: 2.5~4.5 kg
It is a medium-sized dog with curly fur. The snout’s size is of the same length as the skull’s (9/10) and its length rate is slightly bigger than its height rate. The height from the elbow to the floor is 5/9 from the withers height rate.
It is an extremely intelligent dog which can learn a lot if it is trained softly and patiently. Since the first Poodle’s owners found out how big its learning capacity was, this breed has been trained for many different situations, like helping its owner in the house or even dancing as a circus dog all around the world. Poodles love to please. They look forward to calling attention and they have a very strange sense of humor. For example, if it does something considered to be funny for its owner and he responds laughing and making compliments, it will repeat this action again and again. Poodle genetic allows this breed to create special bonds with their owners and to be able to work with them.
Its appearance can change abruptly according to the different clips it may have. The ones which are accepted for exhibitions are the Continental Clip (lion’s mane and hairless thighs with fur balls close to the paws), Sporting Clip (similar but with a hairless point of rump) y Puppy Clip (for puppies).
They are cheerful, playful and very active dogs. These dogs are receptive when it comes to training because they do not distract easily. They are energetic, methodical and excellent with children; but if they are not trained and socialized in time and correctly them may become destructive.
In the Stanley Coren rate of dog’s intelligence, they are in the place number 2. This breed is also useful for bird hunting.
As all long-haired dogs, they demand a high maintenance. It must be brush at least three times a week to avoid hair loose.
Besides the washing up, the fur demands a lot of attention, it is necessary to take it to a professional dog groomer.
This breed tends to live longer and the Toy variety is the one which lives the most. Poodles may suffer a lot of genetic illnesses, such as Eye Tearing, Cataracts, and Progressive Retinal Atrophy, which may cause blindness. The skin allergies and illnesses are common, possibly caused by the not qualified use of scissors or shampoo and/or color developer allergies. Ear infections and hip dysplasia are also very common. It is recommended to feed it 2 or 3 times a day instead of giving it one big meal, due to it is prone to swell up.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/172g09-en.pdf