The Yorkshire Terrier is a small sized dog with a long, straight and uniform coat, which has a dividing line from the nose to its tail. It has a compact and elegant appearance; its right posture makes it look important. Yorkshire Terrier tend to be affectionate, but very disobedient and barking.
Yorkshire’s appearance dates back to the XIX century, when a small type of Terries, which could be easily maintained, started being bred to hunt rats. It is the result of the cross between Scottish and English Terriers; it was originated when a part of the Scottish population was displaced because of the Industrial Revolution, and they settled down in England.
It wasn’t until 1880 that the Yorkshire Terrier finally was officially recognized and started taking part in competitions. It was so popular that it triumphed in many contests and exhibitions, and immediately earned the acceptance of the audience; holding the first position on British breeds and becoming one of the most popular companion dogs over the world.
It is a breed with an easy maintenance and education, and very beautiful physical characteristics. They are not aggressive to people, but they are to other dogs. They were perfect for any kind of family because they were one of the cheapest breeds.
Yorkshire Terriers are Miniature dogs, and it is occasionally classified as “toy”, because there are specimens which weigh only 1kg. Still, in the Standard it was established an average weight of 3.2 kg in adults. The original Yorkshire Terrier was a dog whose weight was between 6 and 7kg.
Yorkshires have a compact body, covered by a medium-long coat. The coat is straight, silky and glossy, and it can be in any of these colors: black, tan and blue saddle. There is also a type which is famous because of its Hypoallergenic coat, which is ideal for allergic people because it does not lose much hair and it has some characteristics on its dermis that do not cause allergic reaction easily. It is a dog easy to train and maintain.
The Standard of this breed establishes that their ears must be sharp on the top, and erect, as the dog was always alert.
The Yorkshire Terrier is characteristically alert, intelligent and lively. It is an excellent dog breed for any kind of family, because it adapts to any type of environment. It is important to keep in mind that it tends to bark a lot because of being a constantly alert watchdog.
It also has an overprotective and challenging attitude, which is surprising on a small sized breed. Yorkshire’s training must start since puppy with a good socialization to get as a result a sociable, mentally health and trained adult. Generally, we talk about an affable dog, really close to its relatives, and very affectionate. It is perfect for any family.
Owners may trim the fur short for easier care. For shows, the coat is left long, and may be trimmed to floor length to give ease of movement and a neater appearance. Hair on the feet and the tips of ears can also be trimmed. The traditional long coat is extremely high maintenance. The coat might get knotted if not brushed daily. To prevent breakage, the coat may be wrapped in rice paper, tissue paper, or plastic, after a light oiling with coat oil. The oil has to be washed out once a month and the wraps must be fixed periodically during the week to prevent them from sliding down and breaking the hair. Elaborate coat care dates from the earliest days of the breed. In 1878, John Walsh described similar preparations: the coat is “well-greased” with coconut oil, the dog is bathed weekly, and the dog’s feet are “carefully kept in stockings”.
Health issues often seen in the Yorkshire Terrier include bronchitis, lymphangiectasia, portosystemic shunt, cataracts, and keratitis sicca. Additionally, Yorkies often have a delicate digestive system, with vomiting or diarrhea resulting from consumption of foods outside of a regular diet. The relatively small size of the Yorkshire Terrier means that it usually has a poor tolerance for anesthesia. Additionally, a toy dog such as the Yorkie is more likely to be injured by falls, other dogs and owner clumsiness. Injection reactions (inflammation or hair loss at the site of an injection) can occur.
The life span of a Yorkie is 13–20 years. Undersized Yorkies (3 pounds or less) generally have a shorter life span, as they are especially prone to health problems such as chronic diarrhea and vomiting.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/086g03-en.pdf