Lakeland terriers are one of the oldest breeds of terrier that remain today. They come from the cross between the Bedlington Terrier with the old English Wirehaired Terrier, from the district of Lake of England. It was created to hunt foxes and scare out vermin from the crops. It is considered a hypoallergenic dog (loses little hair).
They were used by the farmers who took them along with other small hound dogs, in order to kill foxes that were a problem in the area. These dogs were extremely playful and were also used for the hunting of otters and vermin with great success; because of their size and energy they were popular as hunters in places of difficult access.
The current Lakeland is the result of the crossing of different breeds of terriers among which are the Bedlington, of which it could have inherited its agile constitution, the Border, of which it has retained traits in the fur, the Fox by its distinctive tail and probably by its appearance, the Airedale.
In 1921 they were recognized as breed by the Kennel Club of the United Kingdom and by the club of Lakeland Terrier (who was in charge to promote the breed at national level).
The Lakeland Terrier is a rather small dog of short back, of robust and square proportions. It has the skull flat and well delineated, small trailing ears, with a black nose except in the specimens of liver color, followed by a long neck and elegant shapes, a little arched; short back, broad chest, and strong and well-muscled limbs. Its legs are very long, allowing it to run at a high speed and can go through difficult fields. Its gait is smooth and with good reach and thrust.
Its height is between 35 and 37 cm and its weight between 6.5 and 7.5 kg. As for the coat, it can be black and fire, blue and fire, red, wheat, reddish grey, liver, black blue; white markings are admitted to the chest and legs. Its double coat of fur consists of a soft under coat and a second hard and rough outer coat.
The Lakeland is a very self-confident dog, with a cheerful appearance and a vivacious expression. It is brave by nature and very guardian of its home. If it is given exercise every day in a safe area, it can settle in the house and become a fun and endearing pet. It is reserved with strangers and usually aggressive with other dogs and small animals. Intelligent, independent and stubborn, can be naughty. However, it is sensitive and must be trained with patience as well as with a sense of humor.
It is an active breed which needs daily entertainment or it will look for it on its own. A moderate walk with a leash or a rugged playground can usually meet its needs, but also it enjoys the opportunity to explore without a leash in a safe area. In addition, like most terriers, it is suitable for work.
Its hard coat needs to be brushed once or twice a week, as well as trimming it with scissors and shaping it (trimming for pets and lowering for exposure) four times a year.
They may have luxating patella, distiquiasis, and sometimes: Legg-perthes, von Willebrand disease.
Life expectancy: 12 to 16 years.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/070g03-en.pdf
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