It is a dog which stands out because of its silky black and tan coat. It is elegant and has features which denote speed. It has a harmonious structure and it can be easily trained, as it always tries to achieve the best performance while working.
Between 1770 and 1820, Alexandre IV, Duke of Gordon, became the famous breeder of a breed known as “Gordon Castle Setter”. It is though that these dogs were a result of the cross between a black colored Collie with some type of Setter. After breeders incorporated the Bloodhound in these crossbreeding, heavier dogs and with a better sense of smell were obtained.
When the Duke of Gordon died in 1827, the 6º Duke of Richmond and Gordon took his place.
The Duke’s dogs became more famous because of their great abilities which allowed them to win in many competitions.
In 1873, the British Kennel Club recognized this breed as “Black and Tan Setter”, and fifty years after its name was changed to “Setter Gordon” for no reason.
The “Gordon Setter Club of America” was created in that same year; and nowadays it has more than a thousand members in the United States and in other twenty countries.
En ese mismo año se crea el “Gordon Setter Club of America”, que hoy en día cuenta con más de mil miembros en los Estados Unidos y veinte países más.
Gordon Setters have a characterstically coal-black coat with distinctive markings of a rich chestnut or mahogany color on their paws and lower legs, vents, throat, and muzzles; one spot above each eye; and two spots on their chest. A small amount of white is allowed on the chest. They are the heaviest of the setter breeds, with males reaching 27 inches (69 cm) at the withers and up to 80 pounds (36 kg) in weight.
It is different from the English and Irish Setters because it has a more robust appearance, more developed lips, and a silky wavy coal-black coat.
The original purpose of the breed was to hunt gamebirds, such as partridges or grouses, pheasants; and also rabbits and hares.
Gordon Setter specimens are particularly mistrusting with strangers, and that is why this breed is ideal for the ones who want not only an affectionate dog but also a good guardian.
The Gordon Setter (also called Scottish Setter) is generally more calm and restful than the Irish Setter. It is also more robust, and as a consequence, is slower than other types of Setter. As well as it is very affectionate, it is shyer than the Irish Setter, and it generally tends to become more attached to one member of the family.
Due to it has been selected for hunting for many years, it tends to be active and, as a consequence, it is suggested to be in wide spaces or a determined owner to dedicate time for exercising.
Regarding to its maintenance, it is a strong dog, but it needs not only common vet attention, but also a special attention in many aspects. A daily physical training is essential to make it stay fit and balanced. They are also prone to develop overweight, which is why the owner must pay attention to its diet. Lastly, its long-haired coat needs to be brushed every two days and more frequently during shedding.
These are generally healthy dogs, but they are prone to hip dysplasia, gastric disorders and ocular illnesses, such as progressive retinal atrophy and cataracts. Life expectancy for the breed is 10 or 12 years.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/006g07-en.pdf