The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is the biggest Swiss boyeros de Suiza. It is a big and muscular dog with a broad head, deep chest, slightly long body and a tricolored coat. It has trailing and triangular medium-length ears. Its tail is long. It has a double coat; the outer coat short and dense, and the under coat, soft and tight. The coat is mainly black, with tan markings on the legs and face, and white markings on the snout, the chest, the paws and on the top of the tail.
In 1908, because of the 25th aniversary of the Swiss Cynologique Federation in Langenthal, two “smooth haired” Greater Swiss Mountain Dogs were first introduced to Mr. A. Heim, a great mountain Swiss dogs promoter. He recognized in them some ancient, almost extinct, Mastiffs whose ancestors were very popular in Central Europe and were bred as guardian, traction and herding dogs.
In 1909, they were recognized as a special breed in the Swiss Cynologique Federation. The “Greater Swiss Mountain Dog Club” was in charge of its promotion and care, and it was founded in 1912. The first FCI Standard was published the 5th of February in 1939.
It was originally used as a guardian and traction dogs. Currently used as familiar, company and guardian dog; very appreciated by their balanced and calm temperament.
Height bitch: 60~68 cm / Height male: 65~72 cm
Weight bitch: 50~60 kg / Weight male: 60~70 kg
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog has a robust and balanced appearance. It has a flat and broad face, with some almond eyes of medium size. Its ears are set high are triangular. The tail is straight and goes down to the hock. It is black, tan and white colored. The main color is black with tan markings on its cheeks, on its eyes, on both sides of the chest and on the legs. It has a white marking between its eyes which goes down from the forehead to the nose. It also has another white marking on its snout.
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a muscular, big and tricolored dog. Males usually weigh between 49.9 and 63.5 kg and females between 40 and 54 kg. Its height to the withers is from 66 to 74 cm for males and from 65 to 70 cm for females. Body length to height is approximately a 10 to 9 proportion; they are slightly longer than tall.
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a dog with a good memory; intelligent, confident, thoughtful, bright and fearless in common situations; kind and dependent with trustable people and self-confident while challenging a stranger; it has a medium temperament. It enjoys being around their owners and gets on well with children.
As all big-sized dogs, these are very active working dogs; this breed should be socialized with other dogs and humans since it is born, and to have a regular activity and training if it is going to be a pet. The Greater Swiss Mountain dog has a familiar and good temperament.
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is not suitable for a urban lifestyle, it needs a wide space to move without trouble. It finds enjoyable to be taken for a walk outdoors.
It is recommended to brush its coat regularly to make it stay healthy.
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is prone to Gastric Dilatation Volvulus and to Hip and elbow dysplasia.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/058g02-en.pdf