It is a strong working dog; compact, symmetrically constituted, and has the ability and the aptitude to complete its task no matter how hard it is. The combination of strength, vigor, balance and strong musculature, denotes a great agility and resistance. It is a very obedient dog.
The Australian Cattle Dog was bred to attend in the first cattle industry establishments in Australia (first stages of the XIX century). The main request was a strong and mordant dog, which had a great resistance and was capable of herding the wild cattle. The previously imported breeds did not have these abilities.
The first citizens had a limited availability of workforce, which caused problems on the bovine cattle and the sheep livestock. Most properties were not enclosed and the brushwood was not eliminated. To make the herding of the cattle easier, they started breeding some dog breeds which could take up this task.
The Australian Cattle Dog origin is recognized as the result of the cross between the Blue Merle Smooth Collie and the Dingo, with a later incorporation of Dalmatian’s and Black and Tan Kelpie’s blood. Breeders tried another crossbreeding, like with the Bull Terrier, but they were not satisfactory for cattle herding.
In the first stages of 1890, Mr. Robert Kaleski got interested in these dogs; as a loyal follower of them, and also as a journalist, he decided to make this breed popular. As a result, in 1903, the Wales Kennel Club recognized the first specimen of this breed.
In November of 1988, the Australian Cattle Dog Club of America was created in California. On May the 1st in 1980, they asked for a license to the AKC (American Kennel Club) and it was given on September the 1st of the same year.
Height bitch: 43~48 cm / Height male: 46~51 cm
Weight bitch: 14~16 kg / Weight male: 15~16 kg
The Australian Cattle Dogs are a moderated breed in all aspects. They must be balanced, symmetrical, robust and compact. They are very versatile and untiring workers which adapt easily to many activities. They have been used as search and rescue dogs, as detection dogs, as assistance dogs, and of course, as herding dogs.
As its name stresses, they are incomparable in cattle herding in open or closed spaces, and it is their main function. They are always alert, and are extremely intelligent, brave and reliable, with a full devotion to their duty; that makes them the ideal dog.
The male may be 46 cm to 51 cm tall and weigh between 20 and 26 kg. The female may be 43 cm to 48 cm tall and may weigh between 18 and 23 kg.
The Australian Cattle Dog loves the fresh air. It is balanced, quiet, intelligent, brave, loyal and protective. It loves working, playing and resting by their owner’s side. It is cautious with strangers. It has a strong temperament, and its owner must be firm and resolute.
The Australian Cattle Dog is very docile. Therefore, trainers with low knowledge of this breed use traditional methods of training, such as the pulling with the punishment leash. Invariably, these dogs are considered by them to be stubborn, irritable and difficult to train. On the other hand, the trainers who use positive methods consider them as very attentive and willing to learn.
The Australian Cattle Dogs are not very home-loving. They need to do a lot of exercise a day, and so if it is locked up indoors, it may cause damages at home.
It is essential to educate them firmly since they are puppies. It is recommended to brush their coat regularly to avoid skin problems, such as eczemas.
The Australian Cattle Dog is not prone to develop illnesses, not even cancer. The main worries for this breed are the Progressive Retinal Atrophy and deafness.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link:http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/287g01-en.pdf