The Afghan Hound is a tall dog with a long and silky coat. It has a majestic walk and is extremely agile, with a distinguished style. It can exceed 60km per hour, and in races in mountainous areas it has no competitors. It is capable of changing directions and making turns of almost 90 degrees without slowing down. It can also trot indefinitely 20km per hour without being tired.
This dog comes from a very ancient dog breed in Asia; it is most closely related to the Saluki, whose origin is calculated to be thousands of years ago.
It is known that the Afghan did not exist in Iran, Pakistan and neither in the north of India. There were two varieties of these dogs; one long-haired, which used to live in the mountains, and the other one, smooth-haired, which lived in warmer areas. The Afghan we see in dog’s exhibitions comes from the long-haired type which lived in the Afganistan’s mountains. In the last stages of the XX century, British soldiers took some of these dogs to England, where then, in 1926, were also translated to the United States.
In Pakistan, they were used for hunting, including the fierce leopards. Its agility on mountainous areas made it stand out in the persecution of all animals. As well as other Afghans, during the persecution the sense which is used the most is the sight.
Thanks to its elegant appearance, agility, and speed, it has become a good companion and a successful competitor in dog agility trials.
Height bitch: 60~69 cm / Height male: 68~74 cm
Weight bitch: 26~34 kg / Weight male: 26~34 kg
The Afghan Hound is a tall and slender dog which has a characteristically long, fine and silky coat, which covers all the body. The ears are placed in a long and refined head. Its tail does not have much fur and has a ring curl at the end. The Afghan Hound coat may be of any color.
The Afghan dog has a characteristically large face with an also large and slender snout. The nose may be black colored, but in brighter coat colors it may be liver colored.
Its snout’s hair is short; it has trailing ears and these are covered by a beautiful, long and soft fur layer. It does not have much coat over its rump, but once the dog starts moving, its own becomes a shield because of the hair loose on both sides.
A male Afghan Hound may be between 68-74cm tall, and the female between 63-69cm. Both male and female weigh over 25kg.
The Afghan Hound is quiet and reticent, but also cheerful and affectionate (without being annoying or submissive). It is intuitive, intelligent, has a good memory and a great sense of initiative. It enjoys running outdoors.
The Afghan’s coat demands a lot of attention: it needs three brushing sessions per week and a monthly bath because it can get tangled easily, which may turn it dull.
The Afghan Hound adapts easily to indoor lives as long as it is taken out for a walk, at least one hour daily. It is also a dog which needs a lot of time for socializing, if not, it can turn to be reticent and shy.
The main health problems are allergies, cancer, and hip dysplasia. Its sensitivity to anesthesia is another problem in these dogs, caused by their low levels of body fat. Afghan Hounds are also prone to endure Chylothorax, a strange condition which is a type of pleural effusion.
You can download the FCI (International Cinological Federation) standard at the following link: http://www.fci.be/Nomenclature/Standards/228g10-en.pdf